In Canada, the country of their origin, the only correct colours are black (including black with white markings) and white and black (Landseer).
They were originally bred and used as a working dog for fishermen in the Dominion of Newfoundland
Newfie hauling wood
Both breeds were used as working dogs to pull fish nets, with the Greater Newfoundland also being used to haul carts and other equipment.
Double coated dog
Water proof (Woof) Dog
The Newfoundland has a flat, water-resistant double coat. The outer coat is coarse and long, and the undercoat is soft and dense.
Shedding is moderate, and the bulk of it occurs primarily in the spring and fall.
An Imperial Rescue
A Water Rescue Dog
An unnamed Newfoundland is credited for saving Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815. During his famous escape from exile on the island of Elba, rough seas knocked Napoleon overboard.
A fisherman's dog jumped into the sea, and kept Napoleon afloat until he could reach safety.
Just like grooming a Bear
Grooming a Teddy Bear - Sort of
To keep the Newfoundland's thick coat looking great, he needs regular grooming.
You can do it yourself, which is time consuming, or you can hire a professional groomer, which can be expensive.
All-services Life Guard Dog
The dog retrieved a rope thrown out into the turbulent waters by those on deck, and brought the rope to shore to people waiting on the beach. A breeches buoy was attached to the rope, and all those aboard the ship were able to get across to the shore including an infant in a mailbag.